TESTING - FAIR - EXPERIMENT - HYPOTHESIS - PREDICT - RECORD - CONCLUDE - OBSERVE - MEASURE

Look at what we learn in science...

Look at some of the things we have done recently! Year 4, 5 and 6 have been busy with experiments!

FAMOUS IN THIS FIELD

Early Life Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England on January 8, 1942. He grew up in a highly educated family. Both of his parents had attended Oxford University and his father, Frank, was a medical researcher. Stephen enjoyed math and science in school where he earned the nickname "Einstein." He wanted to study math at university but Oxford didn't have a math degree at the time so he chose physics and chemistry instead. Stephen found college coursework to be very easy. He enjoyed being a member of the school's boat club as well as classical music. After graduation, he went to Cambridge to study for his PhD. Diagnosed with ALS While Hawking was working on his PhD at Cambridge University, he began to have health issues. His speech became slurred and he became very clumsy, often dropping items or falling for no reason. After going through a series of tests, doctors discovered that Hawking had a disease called ALS (also called Lou Gehrig's disease). At the time, the doctors said he only had a few years to live.

Overcoming ALS Although Hawking was initially depressed over his diagnosis, he decided that there were things he wanted to accomplish with his life. He began to study and work harder than ever before. He wanted to earn his PhD before he died. Around the same time, he met and fell in love with a girl named Jane Wilde. Between his work and Jane, Hawking had a reason to live. Despite the initial grim diagnosis from his doctors, Hawking has lived a full and productive life with the help of science and modern medicine. Although he is confined to a wheelchair and cannot talk, he can communicate using a touch pad computer and a voice synthesizer.

Black Holes and Hawking Radiation Stephen spent much of his academic work researching black holes and space-time theories. He wrote many important papers on the subject and became a noted expert on relativity and black holes. Perhaps his most famous discovery was when he demonstrated that black holes emit some radiation. Prior to this it was thought that black holes could not get smaller because nothing could escape their enormous gravity. The radiation from black holes has become known as Hawking Radiation. A Brief History of Time Stephen also enjoyed writing books. In 1988 he published A Brief History in Time. This book covered modern subjects on cosmology such as the big bang and black holes in terms that could be understood by the average reader. The book became very popular selling millions of copies and remaining on the London Sunday Times best-seller list for four years. He has since written many more books including A Briefer History in Time, On the Shoulders of Giants, and The Universe in a Nutshell.

Unfortunately, Stephen Hawkins died on 14th March 2018 due to his ALS illness.

 AT AJS WE LEARN...

 

Our Science Curriculum 18-19... 

 

SCIENCE - OUR AIMS AND OBJECTIVES ARE...

Purpose of Study:

A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity, and all pupils should be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science. Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils should be encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They should be encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes.

Aims:

The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

·         Develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics

·      Develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them

·      Are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

In lower Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4) at Airedale pupils will be taught to: broaden their scientific view of the world around them. They should do this through exploring, talking about, testing and developing ideas about everyday ideas and the relationships between living things and different environments. They should ask their own questions about what they observe and make some decisions about how best to answer their questions. They should understand the meaning of a fair test, make predictions and draw simple conclusions and use some scientific language.

In upper Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) at Airedale pupils will be taught to: explore ideas and ask different kinds of questions. They should begin to select and plan the most appropriate type of scientific experiments to answer scientific questions. This will include setting up a fair experiment and understanding the term variables. They should use and develop keys and other information records to identify, classify and describe living things and materials, and identify patterns that might be found in the natural environment. They should make their own decisions about what observations to make, what measurements to use and how long to make them for, and whether to repeat them; choose the most appropriate equipment to make measurements and explain how to use it accurately. They should use scientific language and illustrations to discuss and justify their scientific ideas and should talk about how scientific ideas have developed over time.